Bermuda country guide
Learn about cross-border ecommerce, shipping, and importing.
If you are looking to grow your ecommerce business into Bermuda, you’ve come to the right place. Keep reading to learn everything you need to know about selling goods into Bermuda.
Ease of doing business 5/5
Bermuda’s economy relies on foreign direct investment (FDI), so the government of Bermuda welcomes ecommerce technology, and The Electronic Transactions Act of 1999 recognizes the importance of e-business.
International business plays a major role in Bermuda’s expanding economy.
Bermuda has thriving political, economic, and social stability, strong transparency, excellent transport links and communications infrastructure, and a favorable geographical position.
Landed cost fairness 3/5
- Burmuda does not operate a de minimis, so duty and tax would always be charged on imports; but Bermuda has no import tax.
- Due to no the lack of a de minimis, duty will always be charged.
- Bermuda has one of the highest average duty rates in the world, which is unfavorable for landed cost.
Flexibility of legal regulations 5/5
- Bermuda’s import regulations are reasonable and pose no limitations for trade.
Availability and accessibility of shipping 5/5
- Leading carriers like UPS, DHL, USPS, and FedEx ship internationally to Bermuda.
Accessibility and variety of payment methods 5/5
- Bermuda uses various digital payment methods, including debit card, credit card, online payment gateways (Paypal, Stripe, WorldPay, etc.)
Market opportunity 5/5
-Bermuda’s sophisticated market and high percentage of internet users provide a potentially successful economy for retailers.
|GDP||7.484 billion USD (2021)|
|GDP per capita||117,089.29 USD (2021)|
|Internet penetration||98.4% of the population use the internet (2022)|
|Leading product categories||Electronics, fuels, furniture, and vehicles|
|Preferred online payment method(s)||Cards and online payment gateways|
The landed cost for a cross-border transaction includes all duties, taxes, and fees associated with the purchase. This includes:
- Product price
Bermuda de minimis, tax, and duty
CIF: CIF (cost, insurance, freight) is a method for calculating import taxes or duties where the tax is calculated on the cost of the order plus the cost of freight and insurance.
Duty and tax will be charged only on imports into Bermuda where the total CIF value of the import exceeds Bermuda's minimum value threshold (de minimis). Bermuda does not have a de minimis, which means duty and tax fees are charged on all imports. The only time goods are exempt from duty and tax is when they receive preferential treatment through trade agreements.
Duty and tax de minimis
- Tax de minimis: 0 BMD
- Duty de minimis: 0 BMD
Applied to the CIF value of the order
- Bermuda does not charge import tax.
The average duty charged on imports into Bermuda is 22.5%, and it is applied based on the CIF value of the order. Many common goods are charged a lower duty rate, such as clothing, which has a duty rate of 6.5%. Medicines and reading materials receive a duty charge of zero. Automobiles are generally charged a duty rate of 75% on the first 10,000 BMD and 150% on any value exceeding 10,000 BMD.
Bermuda has at least 41 bilateral Tax Information Exchange Agreements (TIEAs) that promote international co-operation in tax matters through the exchange of information between the participating countries.
Landed cost example
Top courier services:
- DHL Express
- My Bermuda Post
Depending on the courier, additional shipping fees may include:
- Fuel surcharge
- Remote delivery charge
- Signature fee
- Overweight or oversized fee
- Special handling fee
- Dangerous goods fee
Documentation and paperwork
Prohibited, restricted, and controlled imports into Bermuda
Government agencies regulate imports.
Restricted items are different from prohibited items. Prohibited items are not allowed to be imported into a country at all. Restricted items are not allowed to be imported into a country unless the importer has approval or a special license. Controlled goods have military or national security significance.
- Illegal drugs (eg. heroin, LSD, cannabis, etc.)
- Offensive weapons (eg. push daggers, gravity knives, throwing stars, etc.)
- Self-defense sprays containing harmful gas or liquids.
- Stun guns or any weapons that temporarily disable or stun a person with an electric shock or directed energy.
- Indecent or obscene materials (eg. books, magazines, DVDs, software) featuring children, extreme violence, or any content that cannot be legally bought in Bermuda.
- Medical marijuana
- Firearms, explosives, and ammunition
- Live animals
- Plants, fruit, vegetables, and plant products
- Endangered animals or plants
- Certain meat and dairy products
- Certain radio transmitters
Declare imports to customs
When importing goods into Bermuda, you must make a customs declaration. There are different forms, times, and procedures for making customs declarations. The type of goods, their transportation, and how they are processed at customs determine the customs declaration you make.
What is the currency conversion from the Bermuda dollar (BMD) to USD?
1 BMD = 1 USD. In fact, USD can be used as currency in Bermuda and almost all Caribbean countries.